Asperger’s Syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication. Individuals with Asperger’s often have intense interests in specific subjects and exhibit repetitive behaviors. It was previously considered a separate condition from autism but is now classified as part of the autism spectrum.

What Does Asperger’s Syndrome Involve?

Asperger syndrome is characterized by various features that affect individuals in distinct ways. Here’s an expanded explanation of each aspect:

Difficulty with social interactions

People with Asperger syndrome often struggle with understanding and engaging in social interactions. They may find it challenging to interpret nonverbal cues, such as body language and facial expressions. This difficulty can lead to misunderstandings and problems in forming and maintaining relationships.

Restricted interests

Individuals with Asperger syndrome tend to develop intense and narrow interests in specific subjects or topics. They may spend significant time focusing on these interests and accumulating extensive knowledge about them. These restricted interests can bring them joy and fulfillment, providing a sense of purpose and expertise.

Desire for sameness

People with Asperger syndrome typically prefer routines and predictability in their daily lives. Slight changes or disruptions to their established habits can cause distress and anxiety. Maintaining sameness and order helps them feel secure and in control of their environment.

Child receiving ABA Therapy in Contra Costa

Distinctive strengths

  • Remarkable focus and persistence: Individuals with Asperger syndrome often exhibit exceptional focus and persistence when pursuing their interests or tasks. They can dedicate long periods to a single activity, displaying great attention to detail.
  • Aptitude for recognizing patterns: People with Asperger’s often possess a natural talent for recognizing patterns in various contexts. This ability can manifest in mathematics, music, or problem-solving.
  • Attention to detail: Individuals with Asperger syndrome tend to pay meticulous attention. They can notice and recall specific information that others might overlook.


  • Hypersensitivities: Many individuals with Asperger syndrome experience hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli, such as lights, sounds, tastes, and textures. 
  • Difficulty with the give and take of conversation: Engaging in reciprocal conversations can be challenging for individuals with Asperger syndrome. They may struggle with understanding when to speak, listen, and take turns. 
  • Difficulty with nonverbal conversation skills: Nonverbal communication, including understanding personal space, volume, and tone, can pose difficulties for individuals with Asperger syndrome. 
  • Uncoordinated movements or clumsiness: Some individuals with Asperger syndrome may experience motor coordination challenges, leading to difficulties with precise movements and coordination. This can manifest as clumsiness or struggles with activities that require fine motor skills.
  • Anxiety and depression: Individuals with Asperger syndrome are more susceptible to experiencing anxiety and depression due to the challenges they face in social situations and adapting to change. Their difficulties understanding social norms and expectations can lead to isolation and frustration.


Is Asperger’s on the Autism Spectrum?

Yes, Asperger’s Syndrome is now recognized as part of the autism spectrum. The term “Asperger’s” is no longer used as a separate diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Instead, individuals who previously would have been diagnosed with Asperger’s are now diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

How ABA Therapy Can Help

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on addressing behavioral and social challenges in individuals with autism spectrum disorders, including Asperger’s Syndrome. ABA therapy aims to improve communication skills, social interactions, and daily living skills by breaking tasks into smaller steps and reinforcing positive behaviors.

ABA therapists work closely with the individual to identify specific areas of need and develop individualized treatment plans. These plans often include a combination of positive reinforcement, structured activities, and visual aids to promote learning and skill acquisition.

Work with BM Behavioral Center

If you’re looking for professional support for individuals with autism or Asperger’s Syndrome, consider working with BM Behavioral Center. We specialize in providing ABA therapy services in Contra Costa, CA, tailored to the unique needs of each individual. Our team of dedicated professionals is committed to helping individuals with autism spectrum disorders live fulfilling lives. Contact us today to learn more about our service.